A Storyboard is a series of sequential art that conveys the story and character in a visual media (movie, television, or game). It’s like a comic strip for media. Its purpose is to communicate the visual story to the crew; so everyone is clear on how to achieve their goals, and to the client; so that they can understand how the story and scenes will be portrayed.
The Function of Storyboards
- Staging: The positioning of characters in each scene for maximum emotional content and clear readability of actions. In Animation it refers to the purpose of directing the audience’s attention, and make it clear what is of greatest importance in a scene; what is happening, and what is about to happen. This can be done by various means, such as the placement of a character in the frame, the use of light and shadow, and the angle & position of the camera. In live-action this is refered to as ‘Blocking’.
- Storytelling: Each panel’s sketch clearly communicates to an audience the important ideas expressed through the action of each scene. This is all compromised of different types of shots, framing / editing principles, and scene transitions, and how they are used by filmmakers to help tell a story. These depict many elements like the poses and expressions of the characters, as well as how the scenes will cut and how close (or far) the camera is to the subject.
1. Can I clearly see what is going on?
2. Is the camera angle motivated by the story point?
3. Number of characters in the scene, do they all need to be here?
4. Can I tell where I’ve been, where I am, and where I’m going?
5. Has the staging become too obvious?